One of the most common groups of household pests is rodents. These tiny creatures are known for getting in walls and attics, chewing on your electrical wiring, and even damaging the structural integrity of your home. What you may not be aware of are the many dangerous diseases that rodents are capable of transmitting to you and your pets. Below is a list of the top seven diseases that reveal how important it is to utilize pest control services to keep your home rodent free.
Since mice and rats have no control over their bowel movements or urination, they can easily contaminate your food or countertops with the salmonella bacteria. When you consume this bacteria, you may suffer everything from abdominal cramps and diarrhea to nausea and vomiting. Typically, the infection takes up to a week to run its course through the body.
2. Rat-Bite Fever
Should you spot a rodent and attempt to catch it on your own, you run the risk of getting scratched or bit. If that rodent happened to carry the Streptobacillus moniliformis bacteria, you might come down with rat-bite fever. This illness leaves patients with muscles weakness, achy joints, a headache, fever, and sometimes a rash. Strong antibiotics are needed to treat this disease, and without them, the disease can be fatal.
3. The Plague
Yersinia pestis is the bacteria that causes the plague, and it is transmitted primarily by fleas that have been in contact with an infected rodent, or through contact with the infected animal’s bodily fluids. Symptoms of the plague includepneumonia, fever, weakness, painful lymph nodes, and skin and tissue that begins to turn black before eventually dying. Antibiotics are the treatment, and they work best when administered early on.
Also caused by a bacteria, leprosy is transmitted when one comes into contact with an infected rodent’s urine. It is impossible to contract leprosy and not experience any symptoms for a long time. When leprosy does present itself, it shows up through jaundice, red eyes, diarrhea, fever, chills, muscle aches, and a rash. If they are not given antibiotics early on, a person may also experiencekidney or liver failure.
The common house mouse is responsible for transmitting the Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. Initial symptoms leave a person feeling unwell and without an appetite. Muscle aches and headaches are also common, and if the virus doesn’t clear up after that, it is possible to develop meningitis or encephalitis. Corticosteroids and a drug called ribavirin are used to treat lymphocytic choriomeningitis.
Humans can become infected with the Francisella tularensis bacteria when they consume contaminated foods or handle an infected animal carcass. If infected, you may experience a high fever, sore throat, swollen lymph glands, cough, chest pains, and difficulty breathing. A 10 to 21-day course of antibiotics is needed to recover from tularemia.
7.Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
There are two ways you can contract the hantavirus. You can come into contact with rodent urine or droppings, or you can breathe in the dust that is contaminated with infected rodent urine or droppings. Since this syndrome has no known cure and a 38 percent mortality rate, it is important to seek medical attention immediately if you begin to show symptoms. These signs include dizziness, abdominal pain, muscle aches, fatigue, coughing, and shortness of breath.
If you notice any evidence of a rodent infestation, contact Dave’s Pest Control Inc. and get a free estimate. The company has been serving the community for over 35 years and also offers services to rid your home of termites, bed bugs, and cockroaches.